Subjective Life Expectancy in HAGIS

  • After correcting for individual characteristics such as gender, area of multiple deprivation and health, SLE and objective life expectancy grow at almost identical rates
  • Males tend to be over-optimistic. Objectively, they are likely to live 4 years less than women, but the gap in SLE in our more extensive model is only 1.5 years
  • The gap in SLE between those living in deprived areas and those living in affluent areas is much less than that in observed life expectancy. The objective difference in life expectancies between the most and least deprived quartiles is around 12 years, but the SLE estimates are only 2.4 years
  • Having poor health and having smoked at any time tend to reduce individuals’ expectations of longevity. The difference in SLE between those in “excellent” health and those in “poor” health is 7.2 years while having smoked reduces it by a further year