Findings from the HAGIS pilot have highlighted that there are significant differences in bowel screening participation rates between single men and men who live with a partner. In particular, the study has found that 79.5 percent of men living with a partner had taken a bowel screening test at some point, compared to 57.6 percent of men who lived alone.
The detailed paper on this topic will be published at the HAGIS pilot report launch on December 8th.
2017 Pilot Report
HAGIS have been working with several researchers from around Scotland to use the pilot data carry out research on a number of key areas. Those areas include financial literacy, retirement, volunteering, physical activity and more. These pieces of research will contribute to the 2017 Pilot Report to be launched at the 2017 conference.
Single men “less likely” to participate in bowel screening
Single men are significantly less likely to participate in bowel screening tests compared to those who live with a partner, according to a new University of Stirling study.
The findings are among the first to emerge from a pioneering study, Healthy Ageing in Scotland (HAGIS), which has collated comprehensive data on the economic, health and social circumstances of over 1,000 Scots aged 50+ years.
This comprehensive study of ageing is the first of its kind in Scotland and will join the Gateway to the Global Aging platform, which influences and informs public policy worldwide by supporting international ageing research.
As part of the study, participants were asked whether they had ever taken part in the Scottish Bowel Screening Programme, which is credited with saving 150 lives a year.
Since 2009, Scots aged 50 and over have the option of taking the free test, which involves sending three samples of faeces to a local NHS laboratory, every two years. Screening is proactively offered to people aged between 50 and 74, while those 75 and over can participate by request.
The study found 74.7 percent of those surveyed had ever taken part in the screening programme but it varied significantly depending on living arrangements and gender. In the case of men living with a partner, 79.5 percent had taken the test, however, that figure fell to 57.6 percent for those who lived alone.
In women, 77.8 percent of those living with a partner had taken the test compared to 73.3 percent of those living alone.
Principal Investigator David Bell, Professor of Economics at Stirling Management School, said: “Our research indicates that men are significantly less likely to accept the offer of a free bowel screening test if they are living alone, compared to those who have a partner.
“We believe this could be attributed to the support that partners offer each other in terms of encouraging each other to take part in the test. Those living with a partner also have someone to discuss the screening process with, helping to allay concerns and fears.”
The research found that the participation rate of the youngest age group (50-54) was 58.7 percent and that the rate increased with age. Of those aged 55 to 59, 67.5 percent had taken a test, followed by 60-64 (77%), 65-69 (81.9%), 70-74 (77.8%) and 75-79 (79.5%).
Uptake was also lower in deprived communities, the research found. However, there did not seem to be a disparity in the participation rate between those living in urban and rural areas. The team said this “was not surprising” given the screening was conducted by post.
Professor Bell added: “We believe our findings could help to inform and shape health policy to ensure future campaigns can be targeted at those who are less likely to participate, such as males living alone in deprived areas.
“Ultimately, if the participation rate can be increased, more lives will be saved.”
Professor Bell, working with Research Fellow Dr Elaine Douglas, launched HAGIS in July 2015. The £500,000 pilot study, funded by the US-based National Institute on Aging and Nuffield Foundation, asked 1,000 participants about a range of topics that affect their wellbeing, including finances, health, relationships and activities.
The primary role of HAGIS is to provide an evidence base for interventions aimed at improving the circumstances of older Scots. Once it is incorporated into the Gateway to Global Aging, its data can be used by researchers in other countries who wish to compare the circumstances of Scots with their older people.
The initial findings of the research will be revealed at a special event at Surgeons’ Hall in Edinburgh on Friday, 8 December.